Tables and figures are great tools to present sizeable amounts of complex data in a space-saving, easy-to-understand way. When one variable is clearly dependent upon another e. Went's classical experiment on the diffusion of auxin activity from unilaterally illuminated oat coleoptile tips Wentwas repeated as precisely as possible.
However, for a poster presentation or a talk with projected images, color can be helpful in distinguishing different data sets. Graphs show trends or patterns of relationship. If you used animals, what measures did you take to minimize pain?
The column heads are descriptive and clearly indicate the nature of the data presented. Always make sure to describe any modifications you have made of a standard or published method. Any other information that the researcher may have read about the problem but did not mention in the paper is not included in this section.
If necessary, be sure to find out what these formats are and use them appropriately. If necessary, be sure to find out what these formats are and use them appropriately. An easy way to write the abstract is to extract the most important points from each section of the paper and then use those points to construct a brief description of your study.
I think Instead of: The person who did the work and wrote the paper is generally listed as the first author of a research paper.
The axes are labeled clearly. Why is it interesting? The method that you will follow is the "author-date" system. The title, "A Biology Lab Report", tells the reader nothing.
Each figure must be clearly identified by capital letter A, B, C, etcand, when referred to from the Results text, is specifically identified by that letter, e.
Do not present raw data! Notice how the substitution in red of treatment and control identifiers clarifies the passage both in the context of the paper, and if taken out of context. The transcript of this segment of the lesson see Appendix C shows that most of the input came from the teacher with the pattern of classroom talk being: After 3 days in darkness at 25oC, 4-mm hypocotyl segments were excised below the hook of the 3 cm long etiolated seedlings.
Seedlings or mature plants? If the title had been only "Effects of Light and Temperature on Escherichia coli ", the reader would have to guess which parameters were measured. Species-dependent effects of seed predation and ground cover on seedling emergence of old-field forbs.
For graphs, you should also label the x and y axes. The initial analysis of the model text was very teacher directed. An increased appetite was manifested by the rats and an increase in body weight was measured.
Do an in-depth, balanced review of the primary research literature relevant to your study questions prior to designing and carrying out the experiments.
At the manuscript screening stage, these display items offer reviewers and journal editors a quick overview of the study findings, and once the paper is published, they do the same for readers some of whom look only at these display items and not at the rest of the manuscript7.
Summaries of the statistical analyses may appear either in the text usually parenthetically or in the relevant Tables or Figures in the legend or as footnotes to the Table or Figure.
Methyl jasmonate, a common plant secondary compound, when applied to surfaces of tomato plants, induces the synthesis of defensive proteinase inhibitor proteins in the treated plants and in nearby plants as well. Like the title of the paper itself, each legend should convey as much information as possible about what the Table or Figure tells the reader: It is appropriate to report, parenthetically, the source vendor and catalog number for reagents used, e.
Salt Tolerance in Phaseolus vulgaris. One to fo ur paragraphs should be enough. Location data must be as precise as possible: If any work was done in a natural habitat, the worker describes the study area, states its location and explains when the work was done.
Courtesy of Greg Anderson In these examples notice several things: If several factors were manipulated, all of them do not have to be listed. The results section always begins with text, reporting the key results and referring to your figures and tables as you proceed.
Three-dimensional reconstruction from serial sections.Figures, Tables and Plates It is likely that you will include figures, tables and plates (photographs) in your paper, either in the introduction, materials and methods or results sections.
Although general information about using figures/tables and plates is below, check the Notes for Authors section of your chosen journal for more specific instructions. Scientific research articles provide a method for scientists to communicate with other scientists about the results of their research.
A standard format is used for these articles, in which the author presents the research in an orderly, logical manner. An excerpt from the Results & Discussion section of an Education report that used qualitative research methodology.
Footnote NOTE: the results and discussion sections have been merged in this report. The results section of your paper should report results without any type of subjective interpretation. Learn how to write a results section. Pay attention to how the authors present the results of their research.
If possible, take your paper to your school's writing lab for additional assistance. The results section is where you report the findings of your study based upon the methodology [or methodologies] you applied to gather information.
The results section should state the findings of the research arranged in a logical sequence without bias or interpretation. A section describing. A Strategy for Writing Up Research Results [Table of Contents] [ PDF Version] | Get Organized | Literature the one or two key results that each Table or Figure conveys and use this information as a basis for writing the Results section.
Self-Revise Your Paper.Download