His explanation for the presumed savagery of Africans was that they had degenerated from the pure and idyllic circumstances provided in the Garden of Eden while Europeans had made advances toward civilization.
He is practical, int he narrowest sense of the word. The needs and the pleasures of other peoples find ample satisfaction in its capitals, tis great towns, and its ports; while its myriad attractions cause many foreigners to make it their home. For Gobineau, history revealed the tragic "fall" of man from a presumed racial purity into a degenerate condition of racial corruption and mongrelization.
Hundreds of battles with Indians had pushed these populations westward to the frontiers or relegated them increasingly to reservation lands.
By the midth century, race in the popular mind had taken on a meaning equivalent to species-level distinctions, at least for differences between blacks and whites. Their cowardice and lack of political faith make them scarcely interesting. Even if we admit that it is better to turn a myriad of degraded beings into mediocre men than to preserve the race of princes whose blood is adulterated and impoverished by being made to suffer this dishonourable change, yet there is still the unfortunate fact that the change does not stop here; for when the mediocre men are once created at the expense of the greater, they combine with other mediocrities, and from such unions, which grow ever more and more degraded is born a confusion which, like that of Babel, ends in utter impotence, and leads societies down to the abyss of nothingness whence no power on earth can rescue them.
They also called attention to the many discrepancies and contradictions of the tests. He acknowledges that his ideas will offend those who follow the Enlightenment school of philosophy which held all men to be equal and that man was either elevated or debased demanding whether he lived in a society with good or bad institutions.
In this passage, Gobineau sums up his argument. Records indicate that many Africans and their descendants were set free after their periods of servitude. Binet did not call his test an intelligence test, and its purpose was not to divide French schoolchildren into hierarchical groups.
Gobineau was very much a product of his time. Such is the lesson of history. Of the multitude of peoples which live or have lived on the earth, ten alone have risen to the position of complete societies.
Their cowardice and lack of political faith make them scarcely interesting. But the case is not generally so simple as this, and the intermingling of blood is not confined for long to the two constituent peoples; The empire I have just been imagining is a powerful one and its power is used to control its neighbors.
Money has killed everything emphasis in the original ". Anthropometry flourished as a major scientific method for demonstrating race differences well into the 20th century. Tobacco was the chief source of wealth, and its production was labour-intensive. I will give it the better part, and assume that it will conquer.
Thus, race has never in the history of its use had a precise meaning. Experts thought that at last they had found genetic features that, because they are inherited and not susceptible to environmental influences, could be used to identify races.
Contemporary society, argued Gobineau, offered abundant proof of his conclusions. He imported some of his arguments from the polygenists, especially the American Samuel Morton.
Maintaining racial purity then is the key for any successful race to maintaining its superiority and avoiding decline.First French edition, Paris,4 vol "This dedication and the following preface apply to the whole work, of which the present volume contains the first book."--Footnote to "From the author's dedication ()", p.
xi Includes bibliographical references and indexPages: Arthur de Gobineau's "The Inequality of Human Races" gave articulation to a human, eurocentric belief of the 19th century that obviously galvanized a segment of Europe's population, to later be realized in its epitome by the Nazi's and their slaughter of the Jews, the Romani and even the Poles.
It is by early 21st century standards considered 4/5(5). Essai sur l'inégalité des races humaines (An Essay on the Inequality of the Human Races) (–) by Joseph Arthur Comte de Gobineau was intended as a 3/5.
(Count) Joseph Arthur de Gobineau, Essay on the Inequality of the Human Races (), extracts. [the full text is also available on line from GoogleBooks ] The fall of civilizations is at once the most striking and obscure of all historical phenomena. Known to his contemporaries as a novelist, diplomat and travel writer, Gobineau was an elitist who, in the immediate aftermath of the Revolutions ofwrote a page book, An Essay on the Inequality of the Human Races, in which he claimed that aristocrats were superior to commoners and that they possessed more Aryan genetic traits because of less interbreeding with inferior races (Alpines and.
race: Gobineau’s Essay on the Inequality of Human Races The most important promoter of racial ideology in Europe during the midth century was Joseph-Arthur, comte de Gobineau, who had an almost incalculable effect on late 19th-century social theory.
Published in –55, his Essay on the.Download